Antipsychotic medications are a type of medication that is used to treat mental disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe depression. They work by modifying the activity of certain chemicals in the brain, called neurotransmitters, which are involved in mood and behavior.
Antipsychotic medications can be helpful in reducing symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized thinking, and can also help to improve functioning and quality of life for people with mental illness. However, like all medications, antipsychotics can also have side effects.
Some common side effects of antipsychotic medications include:
- Drowsiness or sedation
- Dry mouth
- Weight gain
- Blurred vision
- Low blood pressure
- Changes in blood sugar levels
- Increased risk of stroke or heart attack in older adults
- Sexual dysfunction
- Agitation or restlessness
- Tremors or muscle spasms
It’s important to discuss the potential benefits and risks of taking antipsychotic medications with a healthcare provider. The decision to take an antipsychotic medication should be made after careful consideration and consultation with a healthcare professional. It’s also important to follow the healthcare provider’s instructions for taking the medication and to report any side effects or concerns to the healthcare provider.